Nobel Prize Winner, Ernest Hemingway was one of the great American 20th Century novelists, short story writer and journalist who lived from 1899-1961. He wrote the above book, “For Whom the Bell Tolls“, as well as many other recognized titles. Titles such as “The Sun Also Rises“, “The Old Man and the Sea“, “A Farewell to Arms“, and “Green Hills of Africa” are works that he is famous for, the themes of which had to do with love, war, wilderness and loss.
He was born in Cicero Illinois, where he was raised, but he spent much time in Northern Michigan where his family had a cabin. He learned to fish and hunt there and had a true appreciation for the outdoors as a result of his time there. He worked for the newspaper at his high school and then went to work for Kansas City Star where he learned a new writing style using short sentences and stripping down the prose.
In World War I, he signed up as an ambulance driver through the American Red Cross, and served in Italy. There he was wounded by mortar fire while bringing supplies from the canteen to the men on the front lines. As a result of his time there, he wrote “A Farewell to Arms”.
In 1937 he went to Spain to report on the Spanish Civil War for a newspaper and was among the last of the reporters to leave the battle. This was also where he gathered material for the novel, “For Whom the Bell Tolls” which was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize.
During WWII, Ernest served as a correspondent and was present at many key moments in the war, including D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, he wrote “The Old Man and the Sea”, and finally was awarded the Pulitzer for his work.
In the 1950’s, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but his health was deteriorating and he was having mental issues that affected his ability to write. In 1961, he tragically took his own life.
After he died, however, his legacy still lived on, and lives on today. He left behind an impressive collection of work and had his own unique style that influences writers of today.